BULFINCH, Charles

(1763-1844)
   Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Charles Bulfinch is thought to be the first native-born North American architect. After studying at Harvard, he traveled across Europe, where he was introduced to the classical architecture of Christopher Wren and Robert Adam, among others. In the United States, Bulfinch was inspired by the architecture of Thomas Jeffer-son. Hired as the Commissioner of Public Buildings in Washington, D.C., Bulfinch divided his time between there and Boston.
   The Old State House in Hartford, Connecticut (1796), is considered Bulfinch's first public building commission. This Federal style building is a uniquely American adaptation of European classical architecture. His most famous work, however, is the Massachusetts State House, located on Beacon Hill overlooking the Boston Commons. Begun in 1798, this huge red-brick building is accentuated with a white-columned portico that rests on top of an arched portico at ground level, arrived at by a wide row of steps. The entire central portico is flanked by symmetrical wings that divide the building into three parts, and its most unusual feature is its gilded copper dome that shimmers in the sun. Originally the wooden dome, topped with a lantern, was covered in copper, but in 1874 the entire dome was covered in gold leaf, giving it a rich appearance without parallel in American public government buildings.

Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. . 2008.

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  • Bulfinch, Charles — born Aug. 8, 1763, Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony died April 4, 1844, Boston, Mass., U.S. First professional U.S. architect. He studied at Harvard University and then toured Europe, visiting major architectural sites in France and Italy. Most… …   Universalium

  • Bulfinch, Charles — (8 ago. 1763, Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, EE.UU.–4 abr. 1844, Boston, Mass.). Primer arquitecto profesional estadounidense. Estudió en la Universidad de Harvard y luego recorrió Europa visitando los más importantes lugares arquitectónicos… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bulfinch,Charles — Bul·finch (bo͝olʹfĭnch ), Charles. 1763 1844. American architect whose major works include the Massachusetts State House in Boston (1798) and the completion of the U.S. Capitol (1830). * * * …   Universalium

  • Bulfinch, Charles —  (1763–1844) American architect …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Charles Bulfinch — Born August 8, 1763(1763 08 08) Boston, Massachusetts …   Wikipedia

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bulfinch Triangle Historic District — Infobox nrhp | name =Bulfinch Triangle Historic District nrhp type = hd caption = location= Boston, Massachusetts lat degrees = 42 lat minutes = 21 lat seconds = 50 lat direction = N long degrees = 71 long minutes = 3 long seconds = 41 long… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… …   Universalium

  • Charles Bulfinch — est un architecte américain, (Boston, Massachusetts 8 août 1763 id. 15 avril 1830). Le capitole de Boston, dessiné par Charles Bulfinch Biographie Diplômé de Harvard en mathé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bulfinch — is a surname belonging to several people: * Charles Bulfinch (1763 ndash;1830), an American architect * Thomas Bulfinch (1796 ndash;1867), an American writer best known as author of Bulfinch s Mythology …   Wikipedia

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